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Updated DIY Flower Pot Heater

Chris Martenson - August 14, 2014 - 17:35

A great new design for the inverted flower pot space heater that runs off of tea candles.  Simple and very cheap to create a secondary source of heat for a small office or room.

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Categories: Economics

Off the Cuff: The Age Of Limits

Chris Martenson - August 14, 2014 - 15:47

In this week's Off the Cuff podcast, Chris and Charles discuss:

  • Limits To Growth
    • Our current system is acting as if they don't exist
  • Financial Chicanery
    • All the smoke & mirrors can't hide the fact it's a zero sum game
  • False Stability
    • The current calm will end when the central banks fail
  • Energy, Energy, Energy
    • In the end, ownership/access to energy is all that matters

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Categories: Economics

How America's Largest Worker Owned Co-Op Lifts People Out of Poverty

Zaida Ramos, employed at Cooperative Home Care Associates, with her son in their East Harlem, N.Y., neighborhood. YES! photo by Stephanie Keith.

Before Zaida Ramos joined Cooperative Home Care Associates, she was raising her daughter on public assistance, shuttling between dead-end office jobs, and not making ends meet. “I earned in a week what my family spent in a day,” she recalled.

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After 17 years as a home health aide at Cooperative Home Care Associates (CHCA), the largest worker-owned co-op in the United States, Ramos recently celebrated her daughter’s college graduation. She’s paying half of her son’s tuition at a Catholic school, and she’s a worker-owner in a business where she enjoys flexible hours, steady earnings, health and dental insurance, plus an annual share in the profits. She’s not rich, she says, “but I’m financially independent. I belong to a union, and I have a chance to make a difference.”

Can worker-owned businesses lift families out of poverty? “They did mine,” Ramos said. Should other low-income New Yorkers get involved in co-ops? She says, “Go for it.”

New York City is going—in a big way—for worker-owned cooperatives. Inspired by the model of CHCA and prodded by a new network of co-op members and enthusiasts, Mayor Bill de Blasio and the New York City Council allocated $1.2 million to support worker cooperatives in 2015’s budget. According to the Democracy at Work Institute, New York’s investment in co-ops is the largest by any U.S. city government to date.

Cooperatives are businesses owned and controlled by their members on the basis of one member, one vote. Given enough time, worker-owned cooperatives tend to increase wages and improve working conditions, and advocates say a local co-op generally stays where it’s founded and acts as a leadership-building force.

“There is no greater medicine for apathy and feelings of living on the edges of society than to see your own work and your voice make a difference,” says a report on co-ops by the Federation of Protestant Welfare Agencies in New York.

Selling the council on co-ops

This January, as a new mayor (who ran on combating inequality) and a progressive majority of the City Council were taking office, the Federation’s report inspired Councilmember Maria Del Carmen Arroyo to think about co‑ops. “A bulb went off,” she said.

Arroyo, incoming chair of the Community Development Committee, represents a South Bronx district that’s still one of the poorest in the nation, even after years of “development.” National retailers, attracted by tax breaks, typically pay low wages and squeeze out local businesses. Partly in response, the Bronx is also home to an array of co‑ops, from the large CHCA to the small Green Worker Cooperatives, which incubates local green businesses.

New York’s investment in co-ops is the largest by any U.S. city government to date.

When Arroyo convened a first-of-its-kind hearing on co-ops this February, New Yorkers packed not one but two hearing rooms at City Hall.

Among the co-op members who testified was Yadira Fragoso, whose wages rose to $25 an hour—up from $6.25—after becoming a worker-owner at Si Se Puede, a cleaning co-op incubated by the Brooklyn-based Center for Family Life. Translation at the hearing was provided by Caracol, an interpreters’ cooperative mentored by Green Worker Cooperatives.

By spreading risk and pooling resources, co-ops offer people with little individual wealth a way to start their own businesses and build assets. That said, if starting and sustaining a successful cooperative business were easy, there would probably be more of them.

As of January 2014, just 23 worker-owned co-ops existed in New York, of which only CHCA employed more than 70 people. Nationwide, according to data from the U.S. Federation of Worker Cooperatives, roughly 300 worker-owned cooperatives average 11 workers each. Lack of public awareness and funding, as well as a weak support system, holds co-ops back, researchers say, and cumbersome city paperwork doesn’t help.

New graduates from a free training program in July at the Cooperative Home Care Associates offices in the Bronx, N.Y. YES! photo by Stephanie Keith.

A working model

CHCA is over 90 percent owned by women of color and yet (because of the co-op’s many owners) it hasn’t qualified as a minority- and women-owned business, Arroyo told the hearing. (Such businesses enjoy privileges in bidding for contracts.) “There’s no earthly reason we can’t change that,” Arroyo said.

If they are to change anyone’s life for the better, though, co-ops have to be successful businesses, and that’s hard, says Michael Elsas, CEO of CHCA.

The co-op was founded in 1985 on the premise that if workers owned their own company they could maximize their wages and benefits, and if workers were better trained and better treated, they’d offer better care to their clients. Creating the worker co-op was the first step. But to truly change life for their workers in a race-to-the-bottom industry such as health care, the founders knew they’d have to change the industry.

“There is no greater medicine for apathy...than to see your own work and your voice make a difference.”

To that end, CHCA worked on several connected tracks. To raise industry standards, not just for CHCA workers but across the field, CHCA started the worker-run Paraprofessional Healthcare Institute (PHI) that trains agencies across the country while also fighting for policy shifts. (PHI was instrumental in the campaign that recently expanded the Fair Labor Standards Act.)

To better address the needs of home care clients, in 2000 they created Independence Care System (ICS), a multibillion-dollar managed-care company, which contracts with the city to work with chronically sick and disabled adults. With ICS, CHCA filled an unmet need while also creating its own primary customer to fuel the co-op’s growth. ICS is responsible for 60 percent of CHCA’s business, and the co-op has grown from 500 workers in the late 1990s to 2,300 today.

Workers become “owners” with a buy-in of $1,000, paid over time. Of today’s 2,300, some 1,100 are worker-owners, Elsas says. The company had $64 million in revenues in 2013. They’ve raised wages, but more important to workers like Ramos are the regular hours, the family health insurance, and membership in the Service Employees International Union Local 1199. In short, respect.

CHCA occupies two floors of a new office building on Fordham Road. Peer-mentors answer caregivers’ calls at desks, with plenty of cushioned sitting-room space for talking. In the PHI training lab, there are no model plastic dummies. Workers in training learn what it’s like to be both caretaker and patient.

Wages for CHCA’s health care workers stand at $16 an hour including benefits, Elsas says. It’s not affluence, but it’s still almost twice market rate. Workers enjoy guaranteed hours—an average of 36 a week, compared to an industry norm of 25 to 30. They’re paid for business meetings, and in a state where the CEO-to-minimum-wage-worker pay ratio stands at 405: 1, the ratio at CHCA hit its highest (11:1) in 2006. Turnover stands at 15 percent, compared with an industry standard close to four times that.

“If I didn’t like it here, I wouldn’t have stayed all these years,” Ramos says.

Asked about New York’s new co-ops, CHCA’s Elsas hesitates. He’s all for making it easier for co-ops to get contracts, but he’s concerned about scale.

“I’m just not sure that setting up 26 new small co-ops will help change policy or practice,” he says.

We needed a new approach to workforce development that would not only reduce poverty but also promote upward mobility.

Helen Rosenthal was changed by a small co-op: Her mother started one of the first nursery co-ops in Detroit, and she saw how lives improved. Now she chairs the New York City Council’s powerful Committee on Contracts, where she’s helping push the co-op legislation. “With co-ops, democracy is built into the legal DNA,” she said.

Administered by the Federation of Protestant Welfare Agencies (FPWA), the city’s new funds will go to 10 nonprofits (among them, Green Worker Cooperatives and the Center for Family Life). The groups must create “234 jobs in worker cooperative businesses, reach 920 cooperative entrepreneurs, provide for the start up of 28 new worker cooperative small businesses, and [assist] another 20 existing co-ops.”

With so few co-ops in existence, creating more is better, says Hilary Abell, author of a new study from the Democracy Collaborative titled “Pathways to Scale.” More is better. Co-ops thrive in a mutually supportive ecosystem. “But the biggest need right now is certainly for larger businesses, capable of hiring 100 workers and up,” she says, adding that start-ups may not be the best path to scale: “There are 200,000 small businesses in the U.S. today, employing half of all America’s workers. Most have no succession plan.” Might some be ripe, she asks, for takeover by their workers?

After 92 years of the Federation’s fight against poverty, its leaders are clear: “Making sure that a safety net exists is not enough to help New Yorkers have satisfying lives. We needed a new approach to workforce development that would not only reduce poverty but also promote upward mobility, and that’s where co-ops can be an anchor,” says Wayne Ho, FPWA’s chief program and policy officer.

Funding for supportive nonprofits is not the only thing co-ops need from cities. In Spain, Northern Italy, Quebec, and France, robust worker co-ops benefit from laws that help co-ops access capital and public contracts. In New York, even as public dollars flow to big businesses as incentives, public spending is on the chopping block. The first city-sponsored trainings with a new, cooperative-inclusive curriculum started this summer, but passing co-op-friendly laws is going to take political power—of the sort that elected today’s progressive city leadership.

This $1.2 million won’t end poverty, but it’s a step in the right direction, says Christopher Michael of the New York City Network of Worker Cooperatives. “We have all the raw ingredients of a successful policy initiative: engaged groups, a bit of a track record and support in the city council…

“This is just a start.”

Laura Flanders wrote this article for The End of Poverty, the Fall 2014 issue of YES! Magazine. Laura is YES! Magazine’s 2013 Local Economies Reporting Fellow and is executive producer, founder, and host of “GRITtv with Laura Flanders.” Follow her on Twitter @GRITlaura.

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Categories: Economics

Daily Digest 8/14 - Black Swans On Final Approach, Ghosts of Shopping Past

Chris Martenson - August 14, 2014 - 07:25
  • Eurozone Recovery Stalls, With Weakness in Germany and France
  • Severe drought hits north and central China
  • Ghosts of Shopping Past
  • Black Swans on Final Approach
  • Where Is Casey's Marin Katusa Stashing His Money When Europe Heats Up?
  • Crude Prices Ease Despite Conflicts In Key Energy Countries
  • Many Big Employers Plan To Offer Skimpy Health Options Despite Law
  • Does Our Money Really Belong to Us?

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Categories: Economics

Can Walkable Urbanism Boost the Economy?

Shareable Magazine - August 13, 2014 - 10:37

Downtown Detroit's RiverWalk. (Michigan Municipal League / Flickr)

Categories: Economics

How One Supermarket Fights Food Waste with Ugly Fruits and Veggies

Shareable Magazine - August 13, 2014 - 09:43

Over 800 million people around the world suffer from food insecurity, and yet, global food waste continues to be a major issue with one-third of all food produced being thrown away. One reason for this is that we’re too damn picky about our fruits and vegetables. Most of us want these foods to look flawless, so anything that is not perfectly shaped gets thrown away before it even hits the market.

Categories: Economics

25 Incredible Tiny Houses Available on Airbnb

Shareable Magazine - August 13, 2014 - 08:47

Interested in tiny house living? Before you ditch your possessions and make the move, you can give the lifestyle a spin by renting a tiny house on Airbnb. Here are 25 of our favorites.

1. Silo Studio Cottage - Lee, Massachusetts

Categories: Economics

"Make do and mend"

Chris Martenson - August 13, 2014 - 07:59

A wonderful slideshow of posters from WW1 to inspire you to be more resilient and learn to thrive in a world of less.

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Categories: Economics

"Make do and mend"

Chris Martenson - August 13, 2014 - 07:59

A wonderful slideshow of posters from WW1 to inspire you to be more resilient and learn to thrive in a world of less.

Join the conversation »

Categories: Economics

"Make do and mend"

Chris Martenson - August 13, 2014 - 07:59

A wonderful slideshow of posters from WW1 to inspire you to be more resilient and learn to thrive in a world of less.

Join the conversation »

Categories: Economics

Daily Digest 8/13 - Student Debt Threatens Social Security, U.S. July Budget Deficit $94.6B

Chris Martenson - August 13, 2014 - 07:14
  • Student Debt Threatens the Safety Net for Elderly Americans
  • Lake Mead, water source for Southwest, drops to historic lows, region braces for possible cuts
  • Audit shows $40 million loss for NOFD pension fund
  • SEC Charges Kansas With Failing to Disclose Pension Risks
  • Welcome to the World of 'Pension Smoothing'
  • Nigeria's Lagos now has 10 Ebola cases: health minister
  • For Aging Inmates, Care Outside Prison Walls
  • Panicky U.S. junk bond investors flee funds despite good returns
  • Diabetes prescriptions soar to 45m
  • U.S. July budget deficit $94.6 billion: Treasury

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Categories: Economics

Firewood Comparison Chart

Chris Martenson - August 12, 2014 - 15:12

A simple visual chart to give you a better understanding of the heating and burning properties of various types of firewood.

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Categories: Economics

Economy of Hours Takes Timebanking to the Next Level

Shareable Magazine - August 12, 2014 - 11:38

When money is hoarded and removed from circulation it prevents people from transacting with one another, not because they don't need one another's services, but because they lack the medium of exchange needed to facilitate the transaction, and this is where alternative currencies, including timebanking, come in.

Categories: Economics

The Top 11 Shareable Innovations in Chattanooga, Tennessee

Shareable Magazine - August 12, 2014 - 10:53

Chattanooga skyline. Top photo credit: C Simmons / Foter / CC BY-NC 2.0.

Categories: Economics

Daily Digest 8/12 - Investing in Nutrient Dense Food, BPA Replacement May Be Just As Toxic

Chris Martenson - August 12, 2014 - 09:09
  • A Mountain Of Uncertainty In Iraq
  • How A Computer Algorithm Predicted West Africa’s Ebola Outbreak Before It Was Announced
  • U.S. Financial Markets and the Last Alpha Frontier
  • Public Housing in New York Reaches a Fiscal Crisis
  • Feeding everyone with a minimum of carbon emissions
  • Investing in Nutrient Dense Food: Iron
  • A Bacon-Powered Motorcycle Is Cruising Your Way
  • BPA-Free Plastic Containers May Be Just as Hazardous

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Categories: Economics

From Spain’s 15-M Movement: The Charter for Democracy

Shareable Magazine - August 12, 2014 - 07:53

Images cross-posted from Guerilla Translation. Article cross-posted from

Categories: Economics

How Reggalo Helps You Support Nonprofits by Doing What You Do Best

Shareable Magazine - August 12, 2014 - 07:52

Volunteering is good. But not everyone can work at a soup kitchen, solicit sidewalk donations, or help build a house. But what if, rather than structuring volunteerism around general services, people could donate their unique skills on their own schedule to raise money for nonprofits?

Categories: Economics

NXT is positioning itself, not only as a cryptocurrency but as a cryptocurrency...

Community Currency Magazine - August 12, 2014 - 01:44
NXT is positioning itself, not only as a cryptocurrency but as a cryptocurrency application platform

What is NXT?

This is "What is NXT?" by on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them.
Categories: Economics

The state of timebanking software, 10 min vid

Community Currency Magazine - August 12, 2014 - 01:31
The state of timebanking software, 10 min vid

Matthew Slayter Friday August 1, 2014 Summer Global Exchange Gathering

This video an update from Mathew Slayter about software cooperation and Community Forge
Categories: Economics

Toronto Groups Come Together for ShareFestTO

Shareable Magazine - August 11, 2014 - 18:16

The sharing economy is changing how and what we consume by providing an expanded access to products, services and skills beyond that of singular ownership. Now more than ever it has become clear that we don’t need to own everything, in fact, we don’t need stuff but rather the utility it provides. This has led to the rise in borrowing, renting, trading, bartering and swapping products and services, connecting our needs with what others already have.

Categories: Economics